Gjevre JA, Taylor-Gjevre RM, Skomro R, Reid J, Fenton M, Cotton D.
Division of Respiratory, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. email@example.com
To compare a commercially available, level III in-home diagnostic sleep test (Embletta, Embletta USA) and in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG) in women with suspected obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
Consecutive women scheduled for routine PSG testing for evaluation of clinically suspected OSA and who met inclusion⁄exclusion criteria, were invited to participate. An in-home Embletta portable monitor test was performed one week before or after diagnostic PSG.
Forty-seven of 96 women who met the inclusion⁄exclusion criteria agreed to participate. The mean (± SD) age of the patients was 52.0 ± 11.0 years, with a mean body mass index of 34.86 ± 9.04 kg⁄m2, and 66% (31 of 47) of patients were at high risk for OSA according to the Berlin score. Paired analysis of the overall population revealed no significant difference in mean apnea⁄hypopnea index (AHI) between the two diagnostic methods (P = 0.475). At an AHI of ≥ 5, the Embletta test was highly sensitive (90.6%) in determining abnormal versus normal OSA, with a positive predictive value of 82.7%. However, a higher Embletta AHI threshold of ≥ 10 may be more useful, with a higher level of agreement (kappa coefficient) with PSG testing and a positive predictive value of 92.3%. The in-home study was less useful at distinguishing severe from nonsevere OSA, yielding a sensitivity of 50%.
In women believed to be at high-risk for OSA, Embletta in-home sleep testing is useful for the detection of sleep disordered breathing.
Can Respir J. 2011 Nov-Dec;18(6):318-9.
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